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Dysomnia are sleep disorders, they can have different characteristics and they must be able to distinguish one from the other and in turn from the difficulty in resting that may derive from other causes or situations and which must be resolved at the root. If you interpret it as a sleep problem you risk "wasting time" in curing the symptom and not what lies at its root.
Sometimes at dysomnia others join mental disorders, other times they represent the triggering cause, even in this case they are delicate and anything but simple assessments that must be carried out by outsiders.
This type of disorder is part of the primary group, together with parasomnia. These are those problems that can hinder us both when it comes to falling asleep, and when the difficulties are encountered when you are already sleeping and wake up for no reason and before it's time to get up.
They can impact both on the quantity of daily sleep and on its quality, but also for the same hours slept, on the times that can be abnormal and not follow the circadian cycles, precious for our well-being.
At the base of the dysomnia there can be very different factors, from stress and anxiety to the consumption of psychotropic substances, incorrect habits as well as some physical ailments that affect sleep, too.
There are five types of dysomnia: insomnia, hypersomnia, narcolepsy, sleep disturbance related to breathing and circadian rhythm sleep disturbance.
Dysomnia and parasomnia
To understand the difference between the dysomnia and parasomnia, since it is always a question of sleeping badly, let's see two brief definitions. The first are those sleep disorders that affect the onset or continuation of sleep by altering it in quantity, quality or rhythm. Otherwise, parasomnias are problems that affect dreams and which are concentrated mainly in the stages of childhood and adolescence.
A natural remedy for both is to certainly the mixture of Melissa and Valeriana in capsules that can also be easily purchased online, for a few euros, so we can try how these precious herbs can help us fight sleep disorders, stress and anxiety. On the one hand, lemon balm has antioxidant, sedative and analgesic properties, lon the other hand, Valerian is able to reduce anxiety and impact sleep disorders and treat stressful states. Another winning combination is that of Melissa, Hawthorn and Passiflora, in tablets, at this link.
Each different dysomnia manifests itself in a different way, the symptoms must therefore be observed from time to time. Let's start with insomnia which is perhaps the best known sleep disorder, the correct definition is not always known. This term indicates the difficulty in falling asleep, the feeling of not being able to sleep or staying asleep for a long time.
There are various types of insomnia including, for example, transient insomnia, short-term and chronic insomnia, I invite you to explore this type of dysomnia at dedicated link
Let's move on hypersomnia, sleep disorder that manifests itself with the need to sleep for more than average hours with great difficulty in waking up. Sufferers can have continuous need to take "naps" and it is not laziness.
Different is the narcolepsy which leads to excessive sleepiness during the day. Even if you get enough sleep, you feel sleepy during the day and have sudden sleep attacks after which you feel rested. Narcolepsy can be confused with cataplexy but they are two different problems. The latter consists in collapsing to the ground without being able to move but maintaining consciousness, following a strong emotion.
The fourth type of dysomnia is the breathing-related sleep disorder and occurs when sleep is interrupted due to a respiratory pathology, it is not a mental disorder nor is it linked to the direct physiological effects of a substance.
But when you suffer from a circadian rhythm disturbance of sleep you have a problem with the rhythm of sleep, you interrupt it continuously and you end up sleeping in an unbalanced way, perhaps no less, at the level of hours, but in a disordered way. When this dysomnia is very strong it can be very difficult to lead a normal life, to work and to have a regular social life.
Children can and how suffer from dissomnia in addition to parasomnias, they often struggle to fall asleep or have frequent awakenings in the night, not to mention morning awakenings too ... early!
Sometimes it is just a matter of inadequate habits that can be corrected, better to provide immediately so that they can grow with a correct lifestyle and… rest! A child who struggles to sleep, does not have the serenity of those who "snore" quiet all night, just as this consideration applies to adults.
It's important change habits and set some rules, perhaps with a soft impact, encouraging him to go to bed at a certain time and not sending him to bed with the stopwatch in hand. There are cases in which there are behind the dissomnia behavioral or social difficulties which at this point must be addressed, and not just to sleep better. Sleep problems can also alert us to other problems that have not emerged until that time.
Even the newborn can have sleep problems, before labeling them as such, however, let's try to see how the little one progresses and if it is one thing transient that can be resolved with a little patience, waiting for it to grow and take measures with light, darkness and life.
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