The hedge plants they are often overlooked when it comes to talking about vegetation and flora in general but then when you become pragmatic and have a garden to fix, they become the first we look for. Right at that moment we find ourselves wondering how to cultivateolive tree and to know him better. Let's try to answer these questions also to help us understand if the hedge plant is right for us compared to what we are looking for and the area in which we live.
Characteristics of the olive tree
Used above all to create hedges or green barriers, useful but also pleasing to the eye, this plant has a shrub shape, is evergreen - a very useful feature for those looking for an annual hedge - and has medium size. Its scientific name is Eleagnus, is in truth a genus that includes at least fifty different species, almost all of which have origin in the Asian regions. Let's see how an olive tree shrub is made.
Its stems reach the maximum height of 5 meters, they are dark and erect, they have many ramifications so the hedge is very dense but they never have large diameters. The leaves can have very different colors depending on the species and varieties, this also allows us to choose the "colors" of our hedge by customizing our plant barrier.
They usually have a shape lanceolate and small dimensions, they can be silver, as in the case of E. angustifolia, or of various shades of green, lively or not, with very pleasant variegated patterns. In spring or autumn, depending on the species, the flowers also appear, which are always very small and of an off-white color. They smell a lot but in a delicate way. After the flowers, come the fruits that are much appreciated by birds, small and of red color, acidulous.
Soil suitable for the olive tree
Before writing all the information on how to grow the olive tree in our gardeners' notebook, let's find out if we have the right soil to accommodate it. Usually this hedge plant prefers well-drained soils and loose, rich in organic matter.
Being a rather rustic shrub, it is also adaptable to soils that do not show optimal characteristics for it. It manages to develop and transform into a hedge even when it encounters hard and too compact soils.
How to grow the olive tree
It is clear that if we are planting a hedge, we have a defined area where it needs to grow and we do not have much room to maneuver. However, there are exposure conditions that can favor the growth of our olive tree. This plant is found very well in sunny places but even if it is in semi-shaded areas it survives worthily.
Low temperatures do not scare a rustic plant like this, well resistant even to wind and bad weather that occasionally break down even in Mediterranean areas. Not for nothing is it one of the hedge plants that is chosen to build wind barriers both in gardens and on balconies but also in flower beds or in public green areas.
In most cases, it is not necessary to water this hedge which can survive on rainwater alone. It depends on the seasons, let's not take it for granted, it may happen in autumn and spring but in summer it will certainly be better to check the soil and wet it at least once a week. The amount of water you need to provide for good development also depends a lot on the situation. If the'Olive tree it is grown in pots, it will on average need more water than if it were grown in the ground. In any case it is very important to check that water stagnation does not form, otherwise health problems arise even for a resistant plant like this.
Speaking of health problems, let's take a look at the pests and diseases that can endanger the growth of olive tree hedges. Its enemies are generally those of all hedge plants and, more generally, of tree species. Parasites and diseases that anyone who has a garden knows but nevertheless considers insidious. Mealybugs are perhaps the ones that most need to be kept an eye on because they hit the foliage and damage it heavily. Another frequent problem linked to the presence of water stagnation is root rot, together with the appearance of fungi, which is also favored by humidity.
How to reproduce the olive tree
The recommended method for multiplying this medium-sized shrub is via seed. We must proceed in the spring season, with the seeds that we managed to collect the previous year and we have stored during the winter. The seed should be planted in pots and the small plants will sprout there and then develop and be planted no earlier than their two years of life. Such a long time in pot is justified by the fact that for a non-traumatic transplant it is important that they already have a strong enough root system.
Thus they take root quickly and above all without problems. There are some gardeners who prefer to proceed with the multiplication method with cuttings. In this case, i young branches in autumn, they are buried in a vase waiting for the first shoots to emerge.
Pungent olive tree
Looking for news on the olive tree, some will have come acrossOlivagno pungent. In this case it refers to a plant grown mainly as a bonsai. There are various species and some even have small fruits, the Pungent is one of the most popular because it is particularly robust, with a darker colored bark as it ages.