THE Titans they are the most ancient gods, their sisters, wives and companions are instead called Titanides. The term is Greek because they come from Greek mythology and religion, in ancient Greek their name sounds like "Τιτάνες", they were generated by Uranus and Gaea, respectively Heaven and Earth. Around the term "Τιτάνες" there are several theories including that of Hesiod which he believes derives from τιταίνειν ("produce an effort "," aim high ") and from τίσις (“revenge”, “punishment”). It would be an expression that came out of the mouth of their father Uranus who thus manifested his contempt for them.
Having existed well before the Olympics, are often considered as primordial forces of the cosmos, forces that dominated the world before the Olympians came to regulate things. These creatures of Greek mythology appeared immediately after the creation of the universe, in total there are twelve but only 6 are male: Ocean, CEO, Crio, Hyperion, Iapetus, Cronus. The six females are perhaps less known, but it depends on the case, they are called Tea, Rea, Temi, Teti, Phoebe, Mnemosine. Over time, couples have formed between brothers: Rea and Crono, Oceano and Teti, Iperione and Tea, Ceo and Febe.
Returning to the couple Gaea - Uranus, the two gods did not finish having children but generated i three Cyclops (Bronte, Sterope and Arge) and the Hecatonchiri (Centimani): Cotto, Briareo and Gyges of terrible strength.
In the events that we can also read in the article dedicated to Cronus, we find the three Hecatonchirs and the Cyclops imprisoned by Uranus, the father, according to some because of their ugliness, for others for the fear that they could cause the fall of his kingdom and take his place. Gaea, the mother of captive creatures, intervened by asking the Titans, always her children, to intervene for free the brothers. He also built a toothed sickle to arm them but the only one, among all, who adhered to his appeal was the aforementioned Cronus.
The brave titan, armed with a scythe, set a trap for his father Uranus thus managing to emasculate him. This is the turning point because this is the moment when the rule of Kronos begins. As we have seen before, Cronus is one of the Titans who joins a sister, specifically he chooses Rhea and with her he generates Estia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Ennosigeo. Unfortunately, these sons of his do not end well because they are devoured by Cronus himself. Why such ferocity?
All the fault of one cursed prophecy with which Cronus had come to know that the very creatures he had generated would have ousted him. This cruel action of Cronus led Gaea to hide her last son Zeus to make him survive, and made him grow up hidden, entrusting it to a goat. Cronus, instead of Zeus, devours a stone, convinced that it is the newborn, and meanwhile the young Zeus grows up and returns to beat his father and free his brothers who will give him precious gifts out of gratitude: thunder, lightning and lightning.
With this name it goes to indicate precisely the struggle that took place between the Titans, residing on Mount Otri, and the gods of Olympus, sons of Cronus and Rhea. The battle is fierce and confronts two powerful and varied sides. Zeus, on his side, has the Cyclops and the Hecatonchirs, moreover, and will also be able thanks to them to defeat the Titans. These creatures ended up segregated in Tartarus, enclosed between walls and bronze doors specially built by Poseidon and watched by the three Hecatonchirs themselves.
Let's get to know a couple of Titans that I think are the most interesting. Ocean, for example, called by Homer the origin of the gods and the origin of all. We are faced with a river divinity with an inexhaustible generating power, so much so that the Greek girls bathed in the waters before their wedding, whether they were sea or river.
Besides that by Homer and Hesiod, Oceano is remembered by several Greek classical authors, including Pindar and Aeschylus and is also one of the protagonists of the poem La Trasimenides by Matteo dall'Isola.
Mnemosine is in all respects a Titanide, always daughter of Uranus and Gaea. It is known to many as the personification of memory and the power to remember. Zeus fell powerfully in love with her and to have her he presented himself as a shepherd and managed to lie with her for nine nights in the mountains of Pieria. After a year Mnemosine gave birth to the Muses.
We find this curious character, quite frequently in mythology and in the stories to follow. Diodorus Siculus, for example, wrote that just Mnemosine he discovered the power of memory and then gave names to many of the objects and concepts used to make mortals understand each other by dialoguing with each other.
Thetis, among the titans, it is one of those that plays a central role in creation myths but it is not often found in Greek literary texts or in Greek religion or even in its cults.
In the few myths where mention is made of Thetis, are those relating to the great goddess Hera, still a girl at the time of the war between the Titans and the Olympians. For her safety, Hera was sent to the far end of the world, near Oceano and Teti and was lovingly raised by them as an adopted daughter.
If you liked this article keep following me also on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram